108 Names of the Sun: Surya Ashtottara Shatanamavali #74

Om asuraraye namaha, Salutations to the Sun who is the enemy of those with demonic nature (asuras).


asura mf. An Asura or demon: the Asuras are children of Diti by Kasyapa; they are demons of the first order, and in perpetual hostility with the gods.
asura– the demons SB 2.6.13-16, SB 4.24.12, SB 6.4.19, SB 7.3.37-38, SB 7.4.5-7, SB 8.8.19
asura– of the demons SB 6.7.40, SB 8.10.55, Adi 4.14
asura– and the demons SB 2.9.10, SB 8.7.16
asura– demon SB 4.18.16, SB 8.3.22-24
asura– demons SB 5.25.7, SB 7.15.80
asura– the atheists SB 2.10.37-40
asura– of demons SB 4.16.27
asura– of demons, or godless persons SB 5.24.9
asura– O King of the demons SB 8.21.29
asura– for the demons SB 9.5.6
asura– and of the demons SB 9.14.7


A person could be given consideration for having second thoughts about this particular strophe in the 108 Names of the Sun. We need to keep in mind the nature of peoples, the triple purity of thoughts, words and actions and what actually is a demon, for they are not the caricatures of Baphomet nor any of the so-called minions of the Devil, a western invention.

Humans have the power of the Source within; it resides in the human body between the 9th and 12th vertebrae and is called the Soul, the Spiritual Heart, the Atma, the spark of the Divine. This spark of the divine gives fire and inner light to the human, for internal instrument of action, jnanindriaya, the buddhi or intellect is nearest the Atma (or Soul) and derives over 80% of its illumination from the Atma.

We look to how we can have demons (asuras) on Earth in this day and age.

  • A person acting with integrity – that is, expressing unity of thought, word and action, is expressing true humanness. This is a person who knows what the right thing is and does that.
  • There is the person who knows what the right thing is, and does not do this. This is demonic behaviour. A demon – asura – is one who has the faculty of intellect, knows from that intellect what the correct or right thing to do is, and refrains from doing so and behaves in some other way. This behaviour is demonic. Such people are demons in human form.
  • There are the people who behave like animals, driven by anger, pride, greed, attachment, jealousy and infatuation; they do not care about what the right thing to do is and behave like animals without regard for conscience. Such people are animals in human form.

Today, everyone wishes to fulfill their own selfish interests at the cost of others. No one acts with a pure heart and good intention to help others. A human being is expected to have the qualities of sathya (truth), dharma (righteousness), santhi (peace), prema (love), and ahimsa (nonviolence). Devoid of these qualities, one is not a human being at all. How can a person with demonic qualities be called a human being?

Story about Demons and Demonic places:

Once, while Rama and Lakshmana were walking in the forest, suddenly Lakshmana told Rama in a dejected mood, “Dear elder brother! Why this exile in the forest for us! It is very difficult for us to protect Sita from the demons in this forest. Why should we undergo so many ordeals here? Why should Mother Sita, who was never exposed to the sun and rain so far, encounter so many difficulties in this forest? Come! Let us go back to Ayodhya and lead a comfortable life.”

Rama then realised that, what Lakshmana was talking was due to the effect of sthala (place). He took the hand of Lakshmana into His smilingly and brought him out of that place by walking some distance. Then He asked Lakshmana, “Lakshmana! Now you tell Me. Shall we go back to Ayodhya?”

Lakshmana then realised his mistake and felt sorry. He pleaded with Rama, “Dear brother! We need not go back to Ayodhya now. We have to live here in the forest for fourteen years as per the command of our father. I never went against Your wishes nor disobeyed Your command. I do not know why I spoke like that then. I am just not able to understand why my mind had changed like that.”

Rama explained, “Lakshmana! I know this is not your nature. This is the effect of the place through which we passed just now. Several demons are moving about in this place. Since you entered a place inhabited by the demons, the demonic qualities entered into you.” So saying, Rama helped him regain his poise.

Hence, we have to take into consideration the time and place as also the sthala prabhava (effect of the place) and conduct ourselves accordingly.

The Sun is the enemy of asuras or demonic peoples for they do their deeds under cover of darkness. The Sun takes the darkness and turns it into light.


Om asuraraye namaha, Salutations to the Sun who is the enemy of those with demonic nature.


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