Saraswati Jayanti is a day dedicated to Goddess Saraswati, who is worshiped and propitiated for learning and for keen aesthetic capabilities, skills in music, dance, arts and grace. Saraswati Jayanti 2021 date is February 16. The day is also observed as Saraswati Puja, Vasant Panchami and Sri Panchami.
The popular belief is that Goddess Saraswati first made her appearance on the day to help humans on the day. It is observed on the fifth day during the Shukla Paksha of Magh month.
Small children are initiated into the world of letters and learning on the day. Special programs are held in schools and colleges. Yellow color is given importance of the day. Special idols of Goddess Saraswati are available during this period for worship
The vehicle of Goddess Saraswathi is Hamsa, the Swan who can discrimate between water and milk and consume only the milk.
Oṁ Hamsaaya Vidmahe
Tanno Hamsa Prachodayat
“May we realise Hamsa that is our own Self as the Swan.
Let us meditate on that Paramahamsa, the Supreme Self.
May Hamsa illumine us.”
There is a great deal of useless discussion and controversy about the paths to attain God; some demarcate three paths, Bhakthi, Karma and Jnana. But there need be no controversy on their relative efficacy. They are like the confluence of the three holy rivers at Prayaga, the Ganga, the Yamuna, and the unseen underground Saraswathi. Ganga is the Bhakthi-marga (the Path of Devotion) – surrender, control of selfish, sensual pursuits; Yamuna is the Karma-marga (Path of ritual and ceremonial worship, of dedicatory acts) – engaging in activities, irrespective of the benefits therefrom, doing all duties as worship, eliminating all attachment, all pride of I-am-the-doer type; Saraswathi is the Jnana-Marga (the Path of knowledge, of acquiring true awareness of the Reality) – cognising that ideas of bondage are all delusion, that One is ever Free, devoid of change, full of Ananda the three Paths are like the wheels of a tricycle – the wooden push-cart, which children are given, to train them to take the first steps, while learning to walk Bhakthi and Jnana are two wheels in one line at the back and the forward one is Karma. The child learns the steps and walks towards the “City of Freedom from Fear and Illusion”.
Oṁ sarasvatyai cha vidmahe
brahma-putrayi cha dheemahe
tanno devi prachodayat
May we come to know Sarasvati
the Goddess of knowledge and inspiration,
of fluency in Speech and Music.
May we meditate upon the daughter of Lord Brahma,
Creator of the Universe!
May Devi, the radiant one,
illumine our path and enlighten us.