108 Names of the Sun: Surya Ashtottara Shatanamavali #15

Om indraya namaha, Salutations to the Sun who is who is the visible form of Indra, ruler of Heaven.


indra San. m. (from ind – to conquer) ‘conqueror’ – the best; the lord M. the pre-eminent god of the Rigveda, chief of the gods, the deity of Self-knowledge and the god of rain.

indra—the King of heaven
indra—King Indra
indra—the king of the heavenly planet
indra—of Indra, the lord of heaven
indra—Lord Indra
indra—by the King of heaven
indra—King Indra of the heavenly planet
indra—Lord Indra, the King of heaven
nara-indra—O King
rāja-indra—O King
indra-ādayaḥ—and the demigods headed by Indra

Aditi was one of the thirteen daughters of Daksha the Progenitor who were given to Sage Kashyapa in marriage. Aditi bore twelve sons to Sage Kashyapa: they came to be known as the twelve Aadityas (sons of Aditi!). Their names include Indra, Dhaata, Bhaga, Tvashtaa, Mitra, Varuna, Yama, Vivasvaan, Savita, Pooshaa, Anshumaan and Vishnu. Indra being the eldest is the king of the gods. Vishnu, though the youngest, is the most virtuous and therefore commands the greatest respect of all the gods.

The Sun God was initially squarish, high and slanting. Vishwakarmaa chiselled off is offending layers and turned him into a bright, beautiful and charming Sun God. From the peels chiselled off the body of the Sun, Vishwakarmaa constructed the formidable Chakra (discus) of Lord Vishnu, the fierce Trishula of Lord Shiva and the never-failing Vajra (thunderbolt) of Indra.

Indra is the chief deity of the Rig Veda. Almost a quarter of its hymns are devoted to praising him. He is the most important deity in the sky, armed with Vajra and riding in a chariot whose speed exceeds that of the mind, he travels everywhere.

Indra has often been equated with the Supreme God. His love and affection for his devotees has been eulogised. He is held equal to dark clouds which issue forth rain after being bombarded with thunder and rain; his prestige has gradually declined and in the Puranas, he retains his place as King of the Gods.



Om indraya namaha, Salutations to the Sun who is the visible form of Indra, ruler of Heaven.


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