108 Names of the Sun: Surya Ashtottara Shatanamavali #79
Om atmarupine namaha, Salutations to the Sun who has the form of the Self or the Soul.
ātma — self Bg 5.11, Bg 6.32, Bg 17.16, Bg 18.36-37, (and more…)
ātmā — Self Bg 9.5, Bg 15.17, SB 1.2.5, SB 1.5.2, (and more…)
ātmā — the soul SB 1.6.35, SB 4.29.17, SB 7.2.41, Madhya 20.161, Madhya 24.78
ātmā — mind Bg 6.5, Bg 6.6, Bg 6.13-14, SB 2.9.8, SB 6.14.20, SB 8.5.38, Antya 14.41
ātma — own SB 1.7.39, SB 2.1.4, SB 2.9.27,
ātmā — Supersoul. SB 3.9.12, SB 4.29.51, Adi 2.50, Adi 2.60
ātmā — the Supreme Soul SB 3.13.13, SB 3.26.3, SB 4.9.15,
ātma — personal SB 1.1.18, SB 2.4.6, SB 4.16.15, SB 4.17.27, Antya 4.63
ātmā — soul Bg 3.6, Bg 10.20, Bg 11.24, SB 1.8.14, SB 4.13.7
ātma — the Supersoul SB 1.9.42, SB 4.1.15, SB 4.12.5, SB 8.1.10
ātma — the self SB 2.7.19, SB 3.7.16, SB 3.16.17, SB 6.7.29-30
ātmā — the spirit soul Bg 3.27, SB 3.28.43, SB 6.17.19, SB 8.16.19
rūpa — the form Madhya 25.142, Antya 18.54
rūpa — characteristics SB 2.5.6
rūpa — form and feature SB 3.5.9
rūpa — personal features SB 3.7.29
rūpa — beautiful appearance SB 3.22.10
rūpa — color and form SB 3.26.38
rūpa — of Your nature or position SB 5.3.4-5
rūpa — of the form SB 5.7.7
rūpa — in beauty SB 5.9.1-2
rūpa — possessing the bodily features SB 6.3.17
rūpa — the transcendental form SB 6.8.30
rūpiṇe — whose real form. SB 5.18.31
The Atma, which is Pure Effulgence gives light. It is self-effulgent, meaning light comes out of its own form and nature. The Sun is significator of the Atma and is also self-effulgent, giving light of its own nature. It gives light, heat, magnetism, and light energy.
The Sun in the Skies
Our sun is a star and all stars produce light.
Our sun is 93 million miles (about 150 million kilometres) away from the Earth. Its light takes about eight minutes to reach Earth.
Stars make light of different colours because of their different temperatures. Cool stars are red or orange. Medium hot stars like the Sun are yellow, and blue stars are the hottest of all.
Why is the Sun yellow at noon? Because of the Sun’s high position at noon, the sunlight has less air to travel through. Less air means less filtering of other colours. … The short wavelengths (blue) of light from the sun are scattered by the atmosphere (which is why the sky appears to be blue.), leaving behind the longer (yellow-red) wavelengths.
It is a common misconception that the Sun is yellow, or orange or even red. However, the Sun is essentially all colours mixed together, which appear to our eyes as white. This is easy to see in pictures taken from space. Rainbows are light from the Sun, separated into its colours.
The Sun, the form of the Atma
While the Atma itself has no form and resides within the human body, it also provides energy for light to exist, to grow, it illumines the Buddhi with upto 80% of its own light. The Buddhi (intellect within) has the brilliance of the atma.
The Sun illumines the world and makes it active in a thousand ways. So too the Atma, by its Thejas, activates and illumines the world. All instruments of knowledge are activated by the Atma; the current of electricity energises the machines and does various operations – printing etc., but it is not visible or concrete. The electric current is the Mover of the movement, the Machine of the Machine. So too, the Atmic Tejas is the Ear of the ear; the Eye of the eye. That is the activating current.
The wonder is: the Atma is inactive and without qualifications. It does not get anything done with the manas or the senses, remember. They get activated by the very presence of the Atma! The rays of the Sun are not aware at all of the activity they invoke; the Atma is not responsible for the activity of the senses (This teaching was given by Varuna to his son Bhrigu).
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