108 Names of the Sun: Surya Ashtottara Shatanamavali #81

Om amaresaya namaha, Salutations to the Sun who is the Lord of the Immortals.


isaya – unto the Supreme Lord SB 6.16.47
isaya – who is the supreme controller SB 8.3.8-9
amara – the demigods deputed to control the affairs of maintenance SB 2.7.39
amara – with the predominating deities SB 4.14.21
amara – of the demigods SB 5.1.8
amara – transcendental Adi 9.6
amara – indestructible Adi 11.4
amara – eternal Adi 12.3


The atma is the Self, the soul, the life principle, the divine core of personality, man’s individual indwelling reality (jīvātmā). The atma is the inner controller which rules and regulates the senses, the mind and the intellect, and animates the body by means of prāna: it the life-force in every heart.

The ātmā is the unseen basis, the substance of all the objective world, the reality behind the appearance, universal and immanent in every being.

The atma is the indweller of every being, every object in creation. As it is said, “Everything is Brahman”, so also, the animator, the life-force, is the inner resident – in various stages of consciousness.

The Sun as “Lord of the Immortals” is an embodiment of the divine Atma; it gives shape and form to that which is formless, without shape, colour, taste, touch and sound. Yet, as the basis – aadhara – of all that is, the Sun is the enlivener, the eternal, the oldest object in this solar system, and like the Christian teaching, is the first and the last, the Alpha and Omega of our immediate universe. The sun will shrink and become a red dwarf and then become a supernova.

Surya or the Sun with His Rays illumines all beings in the ten regions. Surya is the very Self of Prajapathi, and hence, all beings – both in the regions so illumined – become the very “self” of Prajapathi. The word “Prana” therefore refers to Adithya Itself, for Adithya (the Sun) gives Prana (the Vital Essence). Since all beings are able to live by consumption of food etc., the Sun is also known as Viswanara. The whole Universe is of His Nature and so He is also known as Viswarupa. Samvathsara or the year, is an indicator of Time, according to the position of the Sun. Time is but a series of days and nights, and these are phases caused by the Sun. The rotation of the Moon causes Thithis or stages in fullness. The twin Forces, the Sun and the Moon, are the products of Prajapathi and so, Time, which is marked out by the tropics, the seasons, the months etc., is also of the same essence. Prajapathi has the Northern and the Southern cycles also.

‘The ātmā . . . when reflected through the pure medium of sattva, reveals itself as God (īshwara). When it is revealed in the active passionate medium of rajas, it is the individual person (jīva), while in the dull, inert medium of tamas, it becomes matter.’


Om amaresaya namaha, Salutations to the Sun who is the Lord of the Immortals.


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